Cannabis Sativa

The use of Cannabis sativa (cannabis) extracts as medicine has been well documented historically throughout China and India with dates of usage as early as 6000BC. The therapeutic use of cannabis was introduced into Western medicine within the first half of the 19th century. It reached a peak period in the last two decades of this same century it was introduced. By the turn of the century, pharmaceutical companies were already marketing cannabis extracts and tinctures.

Medical practitioners prescribed Cannabis Sativa for a wide variety of complaints such as whooping cough, asthma, pain relief and as a sedative

Around the middle of the 20th century, Medicinal Cannabis was close to disappearing completely. Reasons for this were the variable potency of cannabis extracts, as well as the introduction of synthetic pharmaceutical substitutes such as aspirin, and barbiturates. Legal restrictions were created prohibiting the use of cannabis-derived medicines.

In the 1960’s, the main active psychotropic constituent of cannabis, D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC), was  identified and synthesised. It took another 30 years to pass before clinical studies discovered the existence of the Endocannabinoid System and the receptors located in the human brain. The functionality of the Endocannabinoid System was then discovered which created an increased interest in Cannabis as a medicine. The legal status and regulations have since then been challenged and changed in a number of countries around the world. Scientific research across the globe has been testing the functionality of this system alongside the unique qualities of cannabinoids to heal and relief symptoms of disease and degeneration.

The term “Cannabinoid” describes the constituents of medicinal value within the cannabis plant, THC is an example of one. Cannabidiol, or CBD is another “Cannabinoid” which can constitute up to 40% of cannabis extracts and is non psychoactive. It has been found to be very effective in a number of medicinal treatments to which other pharmaceuticals perform poorly or result in unnecessary side effects.

Appearance

A taller and thinner plant than that of the Indica strains, the Pure Sativa plant can reach up to 4.5 meters in height. It exhibits long internodes and branches which the leaves being of a lighter shade of green.

Origin

The Origin of the Sativa strains began in Columbia, Mexico, Thailand, and South East Asia.

Cultivation

Once the Sativa plant begins to flower, you can expect it to take anywhere from ten to sixteen weeks for full maturity. As vegetation periods are so long, these plants will typically produce a much higher yield than the Indica strains. The Sativa commonly possesses a lower THC percentage than Indica on average (around 12-16%).

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