What is cardiovascular disease?
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) defines all diseases affecting the heart and blood vessels. It is also the leading cause of deaths in Australia.
Coronary Heart Disease
- Coronary Heart Disease
- Heart Failure
- Congenital Heart Disease
- Peripheral Vascular Disease
– also referred to as ischaemic heart disease and is the most prevalent.
Heart attack – blockage of blood supply to heart causing damage to the heart muscle and its functionality. Also referred to as acute myocardial infarction.
- Angina – short episodes of chest pain. Caused by a temporary shortage of blood supply to one’s heart. Though it is not life threatening, it creates a higher risk for hear attack.
Heart failure – a condition that is life-threatening. Heart failure occurs when the heart cannot maintain enough blood flow to supply the entire body. This typically develops over the course of ones life., though in some it can be a sudden development. Those patients experiencing heart failure will find they are chronically tired, and unable to partake in physical activity.
Cardiomyopathy -thickening of the heart muscle which then reduces the effectiveness / functionality of the heart.
Cardiomyopathy and heart failure are typically experienced at the same time.
Congenital heart disease - is defined as any defect of the heart or central blood vessels that is present in an individual at birth. This may be indicated by an abnormality of the heart or heart valves, or by the narrowing of major blood vessels.
Peripheral vascular disease – disease of large arteries that supply blood to the peripheries. This oftentimes caused by arterial blockage from cholesterol or fatty substances. Also caused by widening of the arteries, like that in the aorta. This has the potential to lead to arterial wall rupturing.
Stroke – cerebrovascular disease occurring when an artery supplying blood to the brain experienced blockage or starts to bleed. This could result in a section of the brain dying which causes sudden impairment of one or more capacities such as thinking, vocalising and mobility.
Causes of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular disease refers to damage to your heart or blood vessels which is oftentimes caused by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a buildup of fatty plaques in the arteries. This plaque buildup causes the artery walls to thickens and stiffen which then inhibits blood flow through the arteries to organs and tissues.
Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. Correctable and caused by lifestyle such as
ie) poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise, smoking, being overweight.
Symptoms of Cardiovascular Disease
Early Signs / Symptoms of Heart Disease
Heart Attack – Be aware that there are ways of recognising your susceptibility of a heart attack before it occurs. In the early stages, symptoms often come and go.
Clinical Studies / References:
Further your knowledge and access the clinical studies and references pertaining to the use of CBD and medical cannabis in the treatment of cardiovascular disease.