Medications for the treatment of IBD
Medications are almost always the ‘first line’ for IBD treatment.
There are five main medicine categories:
- aminosalicylates – side effects may include nausea, vomiting, heartburn, headache and diarrhea.
- corticosteroids – side effects may include bone loss, diabetes, high blood pressure
- immunomodulators – side effects may include nausea, vomiting and headache
- biological agents – side effects may include the development of a life threatening infection, stomach pain, rash and nausea
- antibiotics – side effects may include nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
Over time, some people find that the medications do not offer the same result as it previously had. Some may have extensive and severe disease that is not easily controlled by the medications offered.
Surgery has often been the next option for IBD treatment. For those people suffering from severe ulcerative colitis, there is a way to cure the disease by surgically removing the entire large bowel. Other health issues can still remain regardless of a patient undergoing surgery.
Dietary Modification are recommended for the treatment of IBD
Dietary modifications are highly recommended for those suffering from IBD. Since the inflammation can perpetuate nutritional deficiencies, patients must be reminded to put thought into their food choices, and get as much nutritional support as possible. Doctors may also suggest:
Taking nutritional supplements
Avoidance of greasy, fried foods
Avoidance of cream sauces and meat
Avoidance of spicy foods
Avoidance of foods high in fibre